There have been many producer complaints about snail and slug issues in row crops. Snails (with a hard shell, see picture) and slugs (without a shell) can cause direct crop damage and contamination in severe cases. Snails produce an acidic material from their foot that dissolves calcium in the soil and allows production of the shell. There are a few other publications listed at the end of this article that may be of help to understand basic biology and identification characteristics for snails/slugs. Growers can to take pictures of their problem and share them with extension agent for basic identification.
Below are management recommendations that are very limited in row crops due to high cost of materials. It is a good idea to check with company representatives for purchasing snail/slug control products, as they are very different from insecticides (note: insecticides will not control snails/slugs!).
Favorable conditions for snails/slugs:
Cultural control tactics:
For more insect management information in peanuts, please visit Alabama Peanut IPM.
Ayanava Majumdar, Extension Entomologist
Kris Balkcom, Extension Specialist, ACES/Auburn University
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