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Southern blight is a fungal disease caused by Sclerotium rolfsii. It is also known as southern stem rot. The disease is a problem primarily in the Piedmont apple growing region in the southeastern United States. S. rolfsii [...]
The Alabama Cooperative Extension System and Alabama Beginning Farmer Program have released the "Farming Basics" online curriculum that is a great place for self-paced learning for all producers. A full news release from Alabama Extension can be found here[...]
Dr. Juan Silva and Dr. Elizabeth Canales at Mississippi State University invite you to participate in a survey to examine farmers' adoption of food safety practices and third-party food safety audits. The objective is to identify the barriers to food safety adoption and the challenges faced by fruit, nuts, and vegetable growers of various operating sizes. Outputs from this research will help inform extension and [...]
Chili thrips have become a significant pest in South Alabama and rival red headed flea beetle for the number one pest in Alabama container nurseries. Heading the pleads of growers, Auburn University researchers Dr. David Held and Dr. Jeremy Pickens put into action a plan to improve upon the current Chili thrips management strategies. In 2017, they were awarded a $25,000 Specialty Crop Block Grant to fund the development of these strategies[...]
Downy mildew was observed on pumpkins in a commercial field in Shelby County and in research plots at Brewton and Tallassee this week. The moisture we have seen in some parts of the state has favored the development of the disease. We did see downy mildew on cucumber in our downy mildew monitoring plots in late June and early July, so disease inoculum was already pr[...]
Zonate leaf spot on tomato is a disease not commonly seen. Zonate leaf spot is caused by the fungus Hinomyces moricola, primarily a disease of tomato foliage. Its occurs sporadically in the field, though there have been reports of s[...]
Grape root borer is found throughout the eastern United States from Pennsylvania and Ohio south but is much more prevalent in southern states. It is a serious threat to grapes in Alabama vineyards. Adults are brown moths with thin yellow bands on the abdomen and resemble some paper wasps. The front wings are brown while hind wings are transparent. Many "look-a-like" moths resemble grape root borers[...]
Fleas are some of the most annoying biting pests known to man and pets.
In Alabama, there are two common flea specie, the dog flea and cat flea. Of the two flea species, the cat flea is the most abundant species with the ability to survive longer and reproduce better on human blood than dog flea. Both flea species make their way into the homes of unaware pet o[...]
The spotted wing drosophila (SWD) is an invasive insect first reported in California in 2008. It has since spread throughout the US including in the southeast. In Alabama, SWD was first observed on yellow sticky traps in 2011 in Coosa and Chilton counties and was later found in Elmore County. Spotted wing drosophila will infest a broad range of edible crops such as tree fruit, berry, nut, and vegetable crops. Raspbe[...]
Frequent rainfall and excessive soil moisture in the fall and early spring can bring some unusual problems for vegetable gardeners and farmers –[...]
In Central Alabama, chill hour requirements of most peach cultivars were satisfied early during dormancy in 2017-2018 dormant season. As a result, flower buds began to br[...]
Running a farm is a very busy task. Sometimes just taking time to make sure your soil has the nutrients it needs is another chore that adds time to an already full agenda. The Alabama Animal Waste and Nutrient Management Team has made this easier for farmers.
AAWMT is offering free soil phosphorus test for your farms. You do not need to do anything. The A[...]
Many vegetables are well adapted to planting in the summer for fall harvest, which will extend the gardening season so you can continue to harvest fresh produce after earlier crops have finished producing. The fall harvest can be extended even further if you protect the plants from early frosts or plant them in cold frames or hotbeds.
Many cool-season vegetables, such as carrots, broccoli, cau[...]
Growers make many decisions every year about what chemicals to use for pest prevention and/or control. These are very important and, often, expensive decisions to make. Unfortunately, sometimes we get less than desirable results from chemical applications.
Many factors influence the efficacy of chemicals. One simple factor we often overlook is coverage. We assume we are getting adequate coverage when we really are not. It is importan[...]
In general, vegetable insect pests have chewing or piercing-sucking mouthparts. Caterpillars, beetles, and grasshoppers are good examples of insect pests with c[...]
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