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In the first week of November, I received four different calls regarding how to control wild turnip in forages. The situations varied as they were in different forage crops and found in various forage growth stages, but each question dealt with the same weed, wild turnip. Since this weed quickly became an important topic of discussion, I decided that a Timely Information sheet describing the plant, growth habit, seedling and m[...]
Drought conditions pose various healthcare and management challenges for horse owners and managers. Conditions associated with drought such as, high temperatures, limited water, and scarce forages, create a harsh environment for horses to thrive in. Fortunately, there are ways to help horses maintain good health despite severe weather. Preparation is key! The following new timely information sheet, " Drought Preparedness for Hor[...]
The following species of Verbena are present in Alabama, as documented in the Alabama Plant Atlas (Alabama Herbarium Consortium and The University of West Alabama).
Grazing Management During Drought in Tall Fescue Systems - May 2017 - TI Sheet.pdf
This Timely Information sheet provides recommendations on managing tall fescue stands in North Alabama follow[...]
There has been an increasing interest in the use of baleage in beef cattle systems in Alabama. This information sheet summarizes the results of a 45-day backgrounding trial using baleage and co-product feeds for pre-conditioning beef calves.
ACES TI Baleage.pdf[...]
Slobber syndrome ("slobbers"), or slaframine toxicosis, is a chemical irritation and mycotoxicosis resulting from the consumption of Rhizoctonia species-infected legumes, in which excessive salivation is the characteristic sign. However, it is important to note that "Sobbers" may also appear in horses from mechanical irritation, which may be caused by other plants with spines, burrs, or sharp awns on[...]
WEED SCIENCE SERIES [...]
Alabama counties have experienced increased levels of drought throughout this past summer and fall. To successfully survive drought conditions, producers must develop a plan that considers not only the present, but also the future. Developing a plan to preserve next year's calf crop is a key part of planning for a successful future. This article will explain the nutritional requirements of beef cows f[...]
As Alabama continues to experience drought conditions across the state, many cattle producers are thinking about how they can economically feed cattle through the winter months. With limited rainfall, forage production potential is low, which means most producers will rely on stored forage and supplement to meet the nutritional needs of the herd. Initial hay reserves left over from the 2015 season have now been exhausted, and most ar[...]
As Alabama continues with below average rainfall and above average temperatures, the drought is taking its toll on the pastures and hayfields. In drought situations, animals will eat plants that they normally probably wouldn't because of the lack of forage availability. This leads to many animals eating toxic plants that are normally not eaten by them, although they have always been present in the field. Toxic plants may be foun[...]
It would be nice if we could be done with fall armyworms for the year. But they will be around until the first hard frost. Please keep looking for fall armyworms in your forage crops. On the bright side, as the weather cools down it will take longer for the armyworms to complete a generation.
I am especially concerned about small grains that are planted early for forage, wildlife, or cover crops, such as wheat, oats, and rye. T[...]
Be sure and tell your forage growers that if they have woody perennials (like blackberry) that after August 31, they do not need to mow or bushhog their pastures or hayfields this year. In order to control woody perennials, they must have at least one year of growth to treat them with a herbicide and be effective. The best time to treat woody perennials is in July-August while they are flowering, so preferably, you wo[...]
I have heard of several damaging chinch bug infestations in the last week. Two reports were from pearl millet, the other from a mixed stand of grasses that included barnyardgrass. Small grains, summer annual forage grasses, corn, and turf grasses are all hosts of chinch bugs (Blissus spp.). Chinch bugs puncture plants with their syringe-like mouth parts and suck out the plant juice. They tend to feed a[...]
Damage from bermudagrass stem maggot was reported from Franklin and Cherokee Counties this week. Damage had previously been reported from Talladega, Marshall, Shelby, Chilton, Chambers, and Barbour Counties.
This week cattlemen and extension agents reported finding damaging populations of fall armyworm in hayfields in 4 counties: Pike, Calhoun, Etowah, and Marshall. It is best to control fall armyworm caterpillars before they have molted into the last and la[...]
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